Art 1-high powers coming together to hopefully make a peaceful agreement.
World War began in 1914 when Austrian Emporer Francis Ferdinand was assented by Serbian Nationalists and Germany declared war on Russia because it thought war was inevitable. Alliances were made with countries such as Britain and France who had been prior competitors over imperialist land-owning's. Overall, these alliances with France, Russia, and Britian were made with Serbia to enclose Germany, the great rising force of the 20th century. The war was thought to be inevitable because of the accumulative tensions between the greatest empires of Europe in which people hoped would come to a peaceful, balance-of-power agreement (Doc. 1). The deepest and most pure reason for the beginning of World War I can be summed up by the idea of racism between the powers of Germany, Serbia and Austria and France and Britain, but if the largest powers had not become the most racist subjects of the war, then the war would not have been so prolonged and devastating.
Germany had grown into a great industrial and political power in the end of the 19th century, but this was because of the influx in nationalism after the enlightenment. Germans taught and encouraged nationalism throughout the youth who grew into this century of war. With this, by the 19th century leading up to the war, other nations believed that Germany was apart of a social race that was better gifted intellectually than other races (Doc. 3). Another source suggested that Germany itself understood that concepts of great power in geopolitics before the war, but it did not have the material backing in the war to fully dominate (Doc. 4). Then, when Germany went to war with Russia, it obliged because Germany considered the military of Russia a good challenge for the german militia (Doc 9).There are all underlying examples of how Germany embraced its power and thought itself a race above the rest of the European powers that seemed to not stand a chance against Germany.
Serbia and Austria were the first to start World War I because of the assassinating of Austia-Hungarian emporer, Francis Ferdinand (Doc. 8). This occurred because of the contempt built up for Austria by the Serbian nationalists. Austria and Russia were infuriated by this mentality of the Serbs and felt that their greater powers needed to penalize the small serbian country (Doc. 8). In the Declaration of war between Serbia and Austria, it proclaimed that Serbia communicate with manners to the Austrians after the assassination, and their war was then declared (Doc.7). The Austrians took Serbia's lack of an answer as an agreement to begin World War I, because they believed they were the higher power. Lastly, Austrians described early before the war that the agitation and anxiety that Serbians put forth against Austrians has lead to the assassination of Francis Ferdinand, because Serbian grew in nationalism to confront the powerful Austrian empire (Doc 8). These long lasting tensions between Austria and Serbia proved that Austria was openly racist on Serbia because of Austria's power, and Serbia reacted with a wave of nationalism.
France and Britain are a different case to Germany, Austria, and Serbia, because the aggression towards France from Germany caused for the alliance of France and Britain (Doc. 2). Before the war however, Britain and France had been largely opposing empires that battled for power over imperialism in Africa and Asia. When Germany went to war with France, Italy was a supporter of Germany that promised to give support to Germany against France whenever it needed it; likewise, when France went to war with Germany at the Battle of Verdun, Britain saw that France needed the support of troupes (Doc. 2). From here, France, Russia and Britain allied despite their imperial inquisitions. Britain was considered at first to be the mediator of the Serbian allies (Doc. 9). In the power struggle between France and Britain, neither decided to compete for power because they recognized the rationality of mutual support and alliance.
Overall, racism was the greatest instigator of World War I, but the reason why the war was no easily resolved was because the greatest powers greatest the greatest tensions and prejudiced ideals. Germany had great power in the 19th century and because it great nationalism it spread itself too thin across Europe and could not dominate all at the same time. Austria and Russia went up against serbia because it felt it could easily take on the lower power of Serbia, but Serbia had many alliances as well that supported the smaller country. Finally, France and Britain were successful aids to each other because they were equal in power and dropped their competitiveness to support each other throughout the war. If all of the countries had had a balance of nationalism but mutual respect for each other then these alliances and tensions would not have accumulated into the first World War.