Monday, March 28, 2011

socialism dbq

Socialism branched from Republicanism in the early 19th century, because people came to disapprove unequal distribution of wealth and goods. Socialists wanted equal rights for all, but they were opposed to upper class people who received more income for less work with little impact on society. Marxism branched from socialism because the German men, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels agreed that middle class workers deserved irrational differences in wages from other workers of other trades. They came to be against government and religion, because Marx and Engel concluded that it was run by the upper class. Therefore, the socialist movements of the 19th century urged to improve the treatment of the working class, while people such as Saint-Simon fantasized that the upper class be illuminated so that only the functional workers were running society. Socialism Marxism are based on equality, but because everyone would be given a set, equal income, there would be a large decrease in work ethic and increase in fatalism as there would be nothing extra to work for.
The family in figure 1 appears run down because they are working to keep the family alive; they are an illustration of the socialist observation. The family is lost in the crowd of middle class people that are in the same situation. If the family got enough money from their jobs to feed the children, then they would be able to treat their work with less fluster because of its success. This would not get them away from the middle class, however, because there would be no competition to get there; all of the people around them would be getting paid the same. The expression of the faces in the paintings would change from being completely tired, but the eargerness would be gone. The middle class envied the upper class for not having to work as much to survive, but with equal wages, the middle class would be able to work without the worry of survival but without the luxuries of the upper class.
The couple in figure 2 are apart of the upper class that has the luxury to walk through Paris with the rank of success and happiness, even on rainy days. These are the people that Saint-Simon wished to eliminate in society, because they seemingly do nothing that implies hard work. These men got these lives because they were born into a wealthy family or had the opportunity and education to fill a wealthy position; however, under socialism, they would have the same job but they would get paid less. Therefore, the same amount of seemingly little work would be done by these men but they would be paid as much as any middle class worker. The painting shows content expressions in its characters, and through socialism, this would not change beyond a bit of corruption due to the loss of income; however, their jobs and living would not change.
Equal pay helps the middle in minute ways, but fantasizing of a planned society where everyone is the same would backfire with many more problems in both the upper and middle class. People of the middle class would gain money, but not enough money to climb from their position in society. The upper class would lose its income, but because everything would change accoringly, their position in society would not change much either. The paintings shown by figures 1 and 2 well depict the differences in classes of the 19th century, and with industrialization of the period, the domination of the upper class was enhanced. With socialism and Marxism, workers created unions for change and equality, even though equality was not an easy answer. Fatalism was what the middle class was trying to surmount, but equal pay and a loud voice would only fixate the middle class in their social situation.

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