Monday, February 14, 2011

Napoleon and the Napoleonic Warsbv

  • by the end of the revolution we have a man coming up in ranks in france to become monarch
  • spent a revolution to lose monarch and then one comes to office directly after it
  • triumverate- Napoleon 
  • emergency commissions
  • Que De Taille-armed force takes over gov.-against leadership
  • first council was temporary but napoleon took over and made it sustainable
  • new constitution was approved and french people chose a new senate
  • its legislative body had low power in constitution which allows napoleon to consolidate his own power
  • napoleon offered peace to french people-by defeating austria
  • in 1802 napoleon brokers a peace deal with England-makes people happy
  • napoleon is looking like a benevolent dictator
  • helps french establish strong leader system and leadership
  • emigres-nobles against revolution-napoleon offers for them to come back
  • 1799-1804-rebuilding france with himself conspicuously as the great charge
  • starts a secret police force and summons the media
  • shuts down newspapers bigtime
    • shrink to a dozen in france that are state controlled
  • napoleon reaffirms peace with the vadican-catholocism becomes major religion of france but it is not the official state religion
    • vadican likes him again
  • he writes that the pope can come up with any papal bowls that he wants-church law coming directly from the pope
    • napoleon allows them to be issued but chooses whether they are applied to French
    • ORGANIC ARTICLES OF THE CONCORDAT-said that any church descisions were subject to any government approval
    • furthermore, napoleon gets nominate church positions and chooses that to apply to public, not Napoleon makes the church read state documents to church-goers
  • unions and guilds were not allowed to organize
  • lycee-school system was kept from revolution
  • metric system invented during french revolution
  • napoleonic code-overhall of french legal system-criminal code and legal code
  • citizens considered equal under law
  • freedom of decision was guaranteed
  • labor unions outlawed
  • women lost legal gains from revolution
  • men gained all control over property
  • and a woman had no rights to her earnings
  • status was defined by wealth
  • no fatalism-possible to move up from status
  • 1802-napoleon is consol for life-power to choose his own council and to amend constitution
  • 1804-he has himself cornated as emporer of france
  • napoleon-had desire to expand his empire
  • goes to war-napoleon desides to sell the louisiana puchase to Jefferson
    • doesn't want to deal with slave issues
  • starts a naval war against england 
    • 1805-english and french fight at trafalgar square
  • english pull up a tremendous victory and french are defeated
  • napoleon comes back with his land army
  • defeats their army and napoleon gains control of old principalities from holy roman empire
  • consolidates the empire into the confecnderation of the rhine
  • poland is set up as the grand duchy of warsaw
  • 1807-signs a peace treaty called the treaty of tilset-non aggression pact
  • can't beat england because he can't get to england without navy
  • takes a different approach
    • continental system-ifyou are an alllie of france you are forced to boycott france
  • spain-napoleon convinces monarch to leave the throne
  • puts his own brother joseph bonebarte to the throne of spain-lead to
  • massive guerilla war-with french army called the Peninsula War
  • napoleon had been married to Josaphine but divorces her in 1809 because she hasn't produced a male heir
  • marries daughter of the emperor of austria-Frances II
    • daughter: Marie Louis marry in 1810 at 19 years old
  • 1811-she produces a male heir
  • npoleon no has holdings in germany, poland, spain, 
  • outside of france he is resented-especially in germany
  • in 1809/1810-wave of nationalism comes over states in east germany and alexander the szar of russia backs out of continental system-allies with britain
  • napoleon is incensed by it and sends enormous invasion army to attack russia-700,000 troops
    • sounds like a large force but russia is huge 
    • use Scorched Earth POlicy-burn down town and fields to get the french to back up and now the french supply lines are so long that you can attack from behind and starve them
    • crops are burned down
    • never go to war with russia
    • its cold, miserable, 
  • large battle in moscow and Napoleon sort of wins but a blizzard comes
  • russians feel they have upper half and sign deal with prussians and defeat Napoleon
    • prussian armt supported by the british
    • battle of liepzig
  • in march of 1814-russia, prusia, austria, and england sign together as the quadruple alliance
  • abdicates the throne and attempts sucide
  • people of france are fed up with him and exile him to the island of Elba
  • napoleon is exiled and they bring in louis 18th who is brother of Louis XVI
  • constitutional monarch
  • meet with Talleyrand-french minister helps to work out the situation
  • however, napoleon escapes from Elba and in 1815-raises new army of his own
  • the 100Days battles through Europe
  • in Belgiun Napoleon is captured and put in British company to die in the year 1821
  • effects of napolian-signifianct effect on alliance in europe
    • demonstrates the dangers of revolution-what you get may not be what you wanted

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