Wednesday, February 16, 2011

Industrial Revolution

  • Movement of jobs from farms to cities
  • ancestors of industrial revolutions were the scientific thinkers that brought us through the enlightenment
  • practices: increase supply of food, supply of raw materials, 
  • changes in indsutrial organization
  • new technologies take new forms to increase production, efficiency, profits, and commerce
  • exponential growth in the technologies that will result in the exchanges
  • as technology changes, the ability to work on the field will move
  • one innovation in one realm causes a necessary change in another
  • agriculture occuppied a prominent position-not only important in sustainability of population, but it helped with textile industry
  • manufacturing of cloth was a trade between colony and homeland and production is apart of the system of industrialization
  • technology is a competition economically that will promote capitalism
  • advances: sturdier forms of farming created mechanically
  • little things like inventions will make a better plow, better harvester, more production, and greater profit
  • new inventions made for farms have to be made in factories
    • one compliments the other
  • England is preparing for the expansion of economy and the expansion of profit
  • used to be one person
  • movement out of farms into factories
  • rise in economy
  • prior to 1760-textiles were made in a cottage industry-in the home
    • tedious proces to get through the raw materials to make a finished product
  • machine gets same amount of work done in less time
  • Jenny-developed in 1760's-allowed one operator to spin multiple threads at the same time
    • one person can spin what 12 people used to
    • nearly 20,000 spinning Jenny's were used by end of 1700's
    • changed capacity of country to produce material
  • large textile industry that supports a bulk of the economy
  • before rights of workers are considered, workers are put into jobs for numerous hours in unsafe conditions
    • children can be made to work full shifts in factories
    • enormous rise in children in factories, unsafe factories, and owners of factories exploiting their workers
  • people could not sue or take control of their work because it does not exist
  • coal mining was sucidal-only people that worked were the people that had no the choice
  • even today, there are many dangers to coal miners
  • crawl down a tunnel with long stick with lighted candel on the end of it-trying to find out of there were any toxic gases in tunnel-if it flamed up then there was toxins there
  • more homes are heated with coal so more coal mining is needed
  • iron industry-big iron-smelted with coke-burned coal with much energy
    • coke is the byproduct and could be used to heat factories
  • railroads are starting-carrying materials from one place to another
    • faster trade
    • move around to different things that u used to be able to do
    • move stuff faster-get perishable goods somewhere else within the right amount of time
  • first use of canal systems came about 
  • # of folks were nvolved with canal industry
  • some halfway successful attempt at working the railcars
  • with George Stevenson- we get firs public railcars designed to move passengers around-1820's
  • world cities beginning to develop because transportation was easier
  • water used as steam for energy-steam engine
  • LIteralyl changes everything
  • four primary reasons-
    • decline in death rate
    • increase in birth rate
    • virtual elimination of plagues
    • lifting population dramatically
  • more than that-facotry jobs were tough but because they were in demand they would pay better wages than what was given on the farm
  • maybe make more money in the city thanback on farm
    • try having more children
    • people married younger
    • children bor earlier
    • old system of apprenticeship is not needed
    • no need for someone to learn how to work if the machine does it for them
  • marriage is socially mobilizing-move up in class through marriage
    • increases middle class
  • find increase in owners control of lives of workers
  • towns created because of factories-working towns
  • capital-sustain in business-earnings go out of factory and ou get mre done with less workers
  • making high profits-used as capital for new investments-one factory to start a second factory
    • created an entire corporation using factories
    • ability to grow capital to make investment that produces more profit
  • labor pool-people who are willing to work in facotories

No comments:

Post a Comment