Wednesday, February 23, 2011

Conservatives and Liberals

1814-1848-time period where these crucial parties develop

  • 1814-Congress of Vienna meets with the purpose of settling questions of territory and negationations after Napoleon leaves.
    • france-Telleyrand-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Maurice_de_Talleyrand-PĂ©rigord
    • Castlereagh-British
    • austira Metternich
    • Russia-Tzar Alexander
  • these men try to figure out what is going to happen in the wake of Napoleon
  • russia refuses to figure situation for Turkish
  • British refused to look after their relations with colonies and sea trades
  • powers truggles happening with geopolitical concepts
    • russsia refuses to give in to the demands of eastern european 
    • create a system of strong states around the boarders of france
    • austiran netheralnds was transferred to the dutch
      • pleases greate britain because he is allied with the dutch
  • dutch republic changes its name to the Kingdom of the Netherlands 
    • ruled by elite family of the House of Orange
  • austria got most of northern Italy-
  • itlay is not a mar power at this time-influence of church has been greatly diminished 
  • power in spain has also considerably decreased
  • no attempt to restore holy roman empire-
    • no one bothers to pay attention to German Nationalists
  • poland kingdom created from austria and prussia land
    • known as Congress Poland
  • places unified into one but they were ruled by Alexander-Russia now ruled prussia and much of north austria
  • france is gaining back power and reputation
    • louis XVIII returns to france as constitutional monarch
    • Napoleon is banned from ever having any rule or leadership in france
  • Ztar Alexaner-very religious in his thinking-nsisted on a doc. known as the Holy Alliance
    • said that rule over eastern europe was divinely granted-throwbakc to absolute monarchs
    • austria signs on and prussia does too
    • england refuses
      • "sublime mysticism and nonsense"
    • means that alexander has indemnity to squash whoever he wants to
      • which he does
  • if u are even thinking revolutionary thoughts in Alexander's russia, they will send you to syberia
  • powers agreed to meet to address international concerns
    • referred to as Concert of Europe
    • aix-la-chapelle-1818-concert of europe took troops out of france and allowed bankers to handle reperations-cost of war

    • Britain starts to drift out of european nations partly because of their role with slave trade and the new world
  • this post war in the US but britain has holdings in Caribean, hong kong, India
    • has its own thing going on away from continental europe
  • 1819-russians met again in the state of Gallacia and Alexander compose a new alliance called the Protocal of Trapeau-more international interation for peace
    • england refuses
    • prussia joins because russia controls prussia
    • its in the interest to to good to everyone
    • send army into Italy and installl their own king into naples
  • 1821-greece had for a while now been occupied by the Ottoman Turks
    • had overcome greece
    • greeks revolting created a certain dilemma in eastern europe
    • they do not like the turks
    • the Turks had been the major power base of the middle east going back hundreds of years
    • didn't want to upse that balance of power
  • causes under the surface animosity between Austria and Russia
    • greeks feel connected to Russia 
    • but Austria feels supressed by both Russia and Greece
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