Monday, January 24, 2011

peter the great

Peter the Great
  • Russain Empire- continued after the four empires ended in WWI
  • rise and fall of empires is a theme of this course
    • Peter Great was given for expanding Russia
    • what Peter the Great did-pushed back the neighbors that had blocked the expansion of Moscow-Sweden
    • poltava, Poland, Turks, and Swedes are defeated for expansion
  • dreamed of capturing constantinople that would give him control of the straights to black sea
    • peter the great was te first of russian tzars that dreamed of this-
    • azov-access of black sea-lose and are forced to surrender after an unsuccessful
  • despite this dramatic expansion of russain empire, does not get this outlet to the black sea
  • russia’s participation in european affairs had been minimal-
    • Louis XIV sent a letter to russain Tzar who had been dead for 12 years because russia was so out of communication
  • after russain victories began, europeans began to recognize Peter and began to have a fear of him and Sweden too with Gustovos Adolphus
  • There is no other European states expanding their empire overseas that adds as much land to its empire from the 1630-1740’s as Russia
    • about 2 million square miles
  • first child of father’s second wife
    • bujair threw over nobles
  • died in 1725-no strict rules for succession of tzar
    • family battle royale
  • no foreign minister-
  • council of the nobles-met in the throne of nobles-known as Duma
  • his absolutism is because of his personality
    • opening up of russia to Euro ideas
    • he does this himself
    • as a boy he was very smart and into science
    • traveled often to Europe
  • took archaic structure and transforms it into an absolute monarchy
    • common to hapsburg, france, Sweden
  • wants to open up russia to commerce-wanted wealth for improvement of russain life
    • made russia a huge military power
  • injects european culture
  • the tension in russia between
  • peter was at least 6 foot 7-guards of Frederick the Great were Giants because they were six feet tall
    • most people were 5 foot 4
    • napoleon was the average height of most people in france
  • he had extremely small hands and feet and stumbles sometimes when he walked
    • odd facial ticks that he could not help-terrets
  • torturous-sometimes kept people alive to suffer longer-had people come and watch so that people could be warned not to act up
    • executed people himself
  • incidents where his merciful side came through as well-when it came to treason he was less likely to be nice
    • ex. his son that he tortured
  • his second wife was a latvian peasant maid- the nobles thought it was horrific
    • he was capable of playing the role of a tzar but there are more images of him in battered clothing to recognize his struggles
  • like the company of ordinary people-identified himself with the cmmon people
    • liked to walk, avoided carraiges
    • commoners were sometimes better dressed than he was
  • ate standing up and jumped from table to table to socialize
  • liked living in a basic peasant house found in the outskirts of Moscows
  • drunken assembly-mock parliament
    • getting waisted then making mockery decisions
    • saying that being a Tzar is more than just playing the role
  • he had to manifest strength, firmness, and bravery
    • got to work earliest
  • loved maps and geography-self taught
  • made spelling mistakes-had bad handwriting
  • built a private library with ordinary books and teaching books
  • sang religious music and played the drums
  • peter wanted a navy-needed a port
    • he first built a navy on rivers using dutch shipmasters from amsterdams
    • learned dutch in 1696 he went to western europe incognito to learn military skills
  • interesedt in baroque
  • makes nobles junior partners in absolutism
  • asked men and women to dress like european and to adopt nonrussian customs for russia
    • tremendous tensions with the church eventhough he is deeply religious
  • some put on western syled wigs
  • woman began to wear heals
  • his son was more under influence of tradition
    • plots agaisnt his father
    • father totures him
    • son dies of a cold after being put in a cell
    • weakened
  • what lasted was the europeanization of western culture
  • has books translated from west into russian
  • russain students sent anbraod to study at universities
  • peter was a son of european rationalism-rationality rather than traditionalism
  • not agaisnt the church but thought people were waisting their time being monks
    • did not serve state or the dynasty


  • in siberia, this empire amounted to little more than a series of trrading posts. Peter the great creates this create empire that will have great influence after a while
  • will have an enormous influence on asian powers as well
  • open up russia to comemrce knowing that trade means wealth
  • makes russia a military power in 17th and early 18th century
  • injects euro culture into russia
  • what is russian that should stay nonsecular and what is russian that should be modified?
  • peter is at least 6’7’’--extremely small hands and small feet
  • very torturous
  • enormous ambivolous to his power-married a lativian commoner
  • boyars-horrified
  • sad childhood
  • loved sleeping on ships-rocking allowed him to sleep
  • he ate peasant food
  • had a natural manner-could be considered inappropriate
  • liked masquerades
  • always took fake names as commoners so that he would look like a peasant
  • very interested in the sciences

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