Thursday, November 18, 2010

Divine Right of Kings

Absolute power
King because God wanted it
King has power above all else

1638-national covenant signed exulting Godly to be the new Isreal

  •  parliament lasted only three short weeks before charles suspended
  • but Charls' list of options was dwindling-couldn't cave into scots and didn't want to call back Parliament
  • charles made wentworth earl of stratford- control ireland
  • officers being attacked by their own men
  • newcastle was captured
  • charles needed cash to get the scots out of england
  • had to open parliament
  • best opportunitity for parliament to step in on king
  • edith of resolution- 
  • john Penn's demands-no taxes ever without parliaments say so-no parliament can be dissolved without conscent
  • seemed to be destruction of absolute monarchy, but charles brings back wentsworth 
  • 1641-Starford was impeached
  • charles was obsessed by loyalty, and he abandoned Straford, only his own death could save the king 
  • chalres signs warrent and straford was beheaded-sacrafices himself to save endland
    • great act of betrayal
  • makes things worse-ireland erupts
  • ireish catholics feel unprotected
  • they attack with rebellion
  • 1641- irish killings filter though england
  • claimed to be acting on behalf of the king
  • scots broght down kings personal rule and ireish threaten to finish off his pwoer all together
  • penn tries to strip king of all authority
  • king tires to arrest them and it fails
  • charles is left empty handed
  • fiasco-charles is armed parliament is ready to strip him of authority
  • parliament now needed to protect itself against the king
  • armies rounded up-
  • civil war begins-b/c of one accident after another
  • parliamentarians against royalists
  • 1642-evidence of aganies of alliegence
    • must choose which side they want to abide by
  • splits families-sons and fathers
  • war begins
  • royalists began 20,000 strong first battle oct. 22
  • charles plants flag on top of ridge
  • Earl of essex runs Parliamentarian army
  • prince ruppert is 
  • euer dies and his corpse cannot even be found
  • king tries to gain strength with a campaign in north and midwest
  • william waller-roundhead
  • hocten-royalist
    • lose friendship with eachother because of the war
  • 1643- parliament uttelry demorlaized
  • king makes court in orxford
  • parliament wants peace
  • John Penn had cancer of mouth
    • pout out one last coo
    • 1643-alliance made between parliament and scots
  • 1644-anglo-scotts alliance hammers royalist army
  • oliver cromwell-doing the lords work
  • only effective fighting woudl be successful
  • 1644-45 cromwell and yorkshire generals set out to make a new kind of army
    • supplies army and gives them self-beleif
    • parliamentarians
    • want wellfare 
  • 1645- new model army closes in on royalist army and kills all of them
  • the last royalists strongholds were taken one by one
  • vicious sieges with bloody conlusions
  • parliament wins war
  • god speaks-charles sees this
  • parliaments wanted monarchy but they wanted their two cents as well
  • after bloodshed, charles was expected to do the right thing, but he could not be a constitutional ting
  • could not take orders
  • for next two years Charels tries to play off the parliament agaisnt his army and scots
  • cromwell was in rage at kings resumption
    • king charles had to go
  • second civil war flairs up
  • charles final hope has gone
  • wanted to go hard on charles
  • new power in the land
  • men wanted jerusalem-promise land in england
  • wanted charles stuart to feel fire of God's wrath 
  • charles had to die if the king was ever to heal
  • tried in the open and beheaded in public
  • great turning point in english histroy
  • begins a republic
  • TRIAL IN EXECUTION CREATES MODERN BRITAIN 
  • BEGINS A REPUBLIC
  • LEAD BY CROMWELL
  • janurays 30 1639, charles beheaded
    • last words- was the truth in divine right of kings
    • he offered justice and expected obedience

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