Wednesday, November 17, 2010

Choosing Sides in English Civil War

  • introduction
  • civil war took place between 1642 and 1646
  • royalists: support King Charles I (catholic)
    • called "cavaliers" by parliamentarians
    • felt parliamentarians were inelegant middle classmen
  • parliamentarians-for parliament 
    • called "roundheads" by royalists
    • felt royalists were dissolute and brash
  • a war between the classes

  • Personality Crisis of Charles I
  • conflict in war based around the personality and policies of Charles I
  • he was diffident and reserved
  • determined to rule without parliament
  • and asked for contraversial amounts of taxes from his people to aid his "high church" religion
  • zealous protestants "puritans" thought Charles wanted to turn England back into a Catholic country
  • 1637-major rebellion in N. Scotland b/c Charles introduced a new prayer book
    • king did not have enough money to make an army, had to call on parliament but parliament refused
    • parliament rose to dismount the advances made by Charles' personal rule
    • political issues thuoght to be resolved but they were only beginning
  • protestants and puritans began to split and opposed eachother
    • the reformed
    • and the half reformed
  • charles tried to arrest 5 men he called traitors to take back it political initiative 
    • this plan went badly wrong and Charles had to flee
  • the people of parliament began to split in rivalry and war was inevitable

  • class divisions
  • originally middle class sided with parliament-less hierarchal

  • Mercenaries and Conscripts
  • some people who moved to england during the time fought taking no sides but in want of money
  • some did not want to fight but were paid to fight and leave by landlords who wanted to see them gone
  • some compelled to fight at gunpoint

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