Tuesday, November 16, 2010

Charles VI

Charles VI

  • grew up with much jealousy and frustration because his parents lacked affection for him
  • brother Prince Henry and and Sister Elizabeth
  • 1625- Charles 
transformed himself into a dignified, kingly figure every bit as impressive as his counterparts on the continent. This transformation came about partly through an effort of will power and self-control. Although lacking in confidence, Charles was acutely aware of the responsibilities of his office and made himself play to the full what he regarded as the proper role of a king (BBC).

  • anti-puritan
  • lacked in control over the church

  • charles patronized artists Anthony Van Dyck in 1632 
  • this man changed his image by painting him in more mature, dignified ways

Paintings also portray his character and politics
Conquering in battle
The perfect courtier
A supreme patriarch

  • Charles lacked many characteristics that a modern ruler was expected to have
    • Could not handle his men in the aristocracy
    • Because of his upbringing, Charles inappropriately gave too much affection or showed unnecessary dislike.
    • Used taxation to test the affection of his people-could not trust them
    • Lacked self assurance - caused for his tendency to not negociate
      • Expected nobles to comprehend and act upon his wishes
      • No give and take
      • Created difficulties such as in 1637-1638- when

his unwillingness to make concessions over the use of an English-style prayer book, or to allow the bishops to bear the blame for its introduction, turned a limited protest into full scale rebellion. (BBC).

  • The Royal Masquerade
  • Charles ran into many problems not only with his political style with his nobles but also with his political beliefs
  • Barely wrote anything down but much can be said about Charles by the masquerades that he often held in his court
    • During the 1630's
  • His divisive beliefs illustrated by the masques
    • His hate against calvanism and puritanism
    • Against parliament and the power of the majority
  • This hate turned many english who were protestants against him
  • This hate also brought upon greater difficulties with governing because most of the population wanted the representation of the people to gaurentee their public welfare--this rule was the "personal rule (1629-1640)"

  • In the masquerades- Charles wore a mask of wisdom and his wife wore a mask of love
    • Their front-illustration of harmony
    1. The final masque of Salmacida Spolia
  • Masquerades were like a drama or play of the ideal poltical governing
    • Guide to statesmenship
  • The events to the drama- king on top organizing the chaos formed by his nobles and the impulses of the plebian and puritan multitude

  • Poltical Beleifs
  • Wanted to make choices and actions as a guide for his people to follow
    • Opposite of his father, James, who treated politics as a face-to-face debate and negotiation
  • This was similar to King Louis XIV's Versailles- creating the perfect society for his people to imitate
  • Favored Arminian practices in the church
  • Wanted divinely ordained hierarchy
  • All against english traditions
  • Held no sympathy for his people nor showed any understanding for their ideas and aspirations
    • Showed in mid 1630's when king contemplated reuniting english church with rome
    • It never followed through but the thought is in great betrayal to the people of England

  • The Final Masque
  • Charles' ignorance lead to the English Civil Wars (1642-46)
  • Charles wanted to settle differences with Scotland after being defeated in the Bishop's War (1638-1640)
    • Too guilty and unliked to achieve this
  • Guiltily allowed for his chief minister, Earl fo Stafferd to the executed in 1641
    • Overwhelmed by hate of people
  • Blamed everything still on parliament and puritan campaigns
  • Charles brought upon civil war in England

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