Monday, November 22, 2010

17th century test

  1. Catholic munk who protested the indulgence system in the catholic church beginning the reformation in germany
    1. Martin luther

  1. Name given to the document that he nailed to the church door
    1. 95 Theses

  1. The city in germany in which Luther witnessed the selling of indulgences
    1. Wittenburg

  1. Pay for construction of what building in Rome
    1. St. Peters Basilica

  1. FREEBEE- The percise date on which luthers document was nailed to door of castle church
    1. January 4th, 1582
    2. correct-oct. 31, 1570

  1. Lutheranism-the cathlic church had long taught that salvstion could be otherwise achieved -luther claimed that-
    1. Faith alone was the only path to salvation
  2. 1974

  1. What book is only valid authority for chrisitan life by luther\?
    1. The bible

  1. Luther was against what hierarchy?
    1. Papal/catholic hierarchy

  1. 1525-who did the german peasants initially support?
    1. protestants

  1. t/f luther believed that christians aught to obey their rulers even if their rulers are unjust
    1. False
    2. correct-true

  1. Lutheranism became closely allied with which of the following?
    1. Closely allied with german peasantry
    2. correct-german nobility

  1. Luthernaism became dominant religion in n and e germany what was the dominant religion in s. and germany and austria
    1. Catholocism

  1. By the mid 16th century what was the predominant religion in scandanavia?
    1. Lutheranism

  1. This 1555 settlement ended the civil war?
    1. Peace of Augsburg

  1. One way that luther was a religious revolutionary
    1. He protested against indulgences and radically went against the way that Catholocism was running its followers. He set up the 95 theses on a sacred church door to prove that his doctrine were better, more believable, and most significantly they were revolutionary.  This began the protestant revolution.
    2. tried to break apart hierarchy of catholic church

  1. How was Luther a political conservative?
    1. did not believe in hierarchy
    2. gave support to German nobility

  1. Who wrote the institutes of the christian religion. Believed humans are corrupt weak and insignificant. B/c god is all knowing predestination is true
    1. John Calvin

  1. In 1541, protestants in this city asked john calvin to change this city into a model christian community
    1. Strasburg
    2. CORRECT: geneva switzerland

  1. FREEBEE this man brought calvinism to scotland
    1. FREEBEE
    2. CORRECT: John Knox

  1. Name given to calvinists in france
    1. Huguenots

  1. Review- this man reigned as king of england from 1509-1547
    1. Henry VIII

  1. This woman ruled until 1603-last tutro monarch of england
    1. Elizabeth I

  1. Religious sect that believed in stricti seperation of church and state
    1. Anabaptists

  1. Catholocism-this pope commissioned the building of st. peters basicilica and michaelangelo to paint sistene chapel
    1. Pope Julius II

  1. Council rejected lutherns docterine
    1. Council of Worms

  1. t/f-this council also decreed that indulgences should no longer be sold
    1. true..?

  1. 16th century, this addition of the bible was confirmed as the authoritative catholic addition
    1. vulgate

  1. Jesuits- founder
    1. Ignatius Loyola

  1. Name one of the three missions of the jesuits
    1. Pilgrimage to new world

  1. Baroque art-baroque movement in art that came about in what century
    1. 16th century
    2. CORRECT-17th century

  1. This baroque architect designed the st. peters piazza the sculpture of the ecstacy of st. terese and several foutains around the city of rome
    1. Giotto

  1. Spain-this man son of charles V oversaw vast empire; his goal was to advance spanish power in Europe and to defeat the turks
    1. Phillip II

  1. Phillip II lead Spain when spain attacked Elizabeth's england. What was the name given to the spanish fleet that was destroyed
    1. Spanish Armada

  1. France-this massacre took place in 1572
    1. St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre

  1. 1598 Henry IV issued this edict
    1. Edict of Nantes

  1. 30 years war HRE contained how many principalities
    1. Around 300

  1. 1555 -peace treaty
    1. Peace of Augsburg

  1. This was the official name of the union of protestants
    1. Protestant union,

  1. Official name of the league of cathlics
    1. Catholic league

  1. Austrian hapsburgs were…
    1. Catholics

  1. In the 30 years war, this was the side that the kings of denmark and sweden allied with
    1. Protestant union, roundheads, protestantism

  1. Name the leader of the league of Catholics and leader of union of protestants in beginning of war
    1. Ferdinand II (catholic) and Fredrick V (protestant)

  1. King of sweden
    1. Gustavos Adolphus

  1. 1648-this treaty ended 30 years war
    1. Peace of Westphalia

  1. The geographical area that France annexed picking up as a result of the treaty
    1. Franche-Comte
    2. CORRECT-Alsas

  1. Country ws devasted by 30 years war
    1. Germany

  1. This country emerged from 30 years war as dominating power
    1. France

  1. Explorers-this porteuguese prince lived at the beginning of the age of exploration and helped to establish
    1. Prince Henry the Navigator

  1. Man believe-1506
    1. Christopher Columbus

  1. The name named after that man given to the exchange
    1. Columbian exchange

  1. One of any several things shared-know specific items of AP test
    1. Disease-smallpox

  1. The economic system regulated by the state
    1. Mercantilism

  1. Company that is created by apartmentship betweeen two or more entitit
    1. Join-stock company

  1. 17th century Dutch republic-dominant religion of dutch republic
    1. Calvinism

  1. t/f - all religions enjoyed religious freedom in dutch republic
    1. False-all but catholicism

  1. City in dutch republic remained europes financial center until french revolution
    1. Amsterdam

  1. Name of the company that displaced portuegeuse that took control of spice trade
    1. East Indian Trading Company

  1. y/n- did dutch republic have absolute ruler?
    1. No

  1. Name any of the leading dutch artists of the 17th century
    1. …leeunhook
    2. CORRECT: Vermirr

  1. English society 17th century-with exception of dutch republic, this social class was proportionally larger than that of any other
    1. Middle class-rep. by House of Commons

  1. Gentry included land owners that dominanted
    1. House of Commons

  1. End of century, which religious sect comprised the largest percetage of english population
    1. Puritans
    2. CORRECT: calvinists

  1. Family became dynasty that followed tutors
    1. Stuart

  1. King james and charles -they favored
    1. Episcopal

  1. James I-reign in years of james I
    1. 1603-1625

  1. James believed that royal authority came directly from God
    1. Divine Right of Kings

  1. Charles I 1625-49-religion was the opponent to Charles I
    1. Puritans

  1. 1628-
    1. Petition of Right 1628

  1. This man was charle's archbishop
    1. Bishop William Laud

  1. In 1639 this man attempted to pose the english praryer book on what church
    1. Presbyterian church
    1. In Scotland

  1. English civil war-group rep. by nobles remaining loyal to king
    1. Royalists/cavaliers

  1. Group included puritans and mid class people
    1. Roundheads

  1. Organized protestants int new model army
    1. Oliver Cromwell

  1. BBC-this name given by oliver cromwell to the form of governemnt which abolished monary and house of lords
    1. Militant republic

  1. 1653 official title by cromwell
    1. Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland

  1. Group considered radical advocated universal mannhood suffrage
    1. Levellers-equality for men to men like second commandment
    1. Diggers-are radical levellers-equality to men, women and nature

  1. Richard does not command same respect as Cromwell, parliament invites
    1. Charles II back to England from exile

  1. The name given to the period including the reign of charles
    1. The Restoration 1660-1688

  1. Author published Leviathon
    1. Thomas Hobbes

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