Thursday, October 21, 2010

Lurenzo Medicci

Cosimo Medicci's son

  • patron of Michealangelo 
  • one had to be be comissioned to do art
  • patron-comissioner
  • with death of Cosimo, the Medicci were in another fix
    • his death thrust Lorenzo into the spotlight
    • Cosimo died of natural causes
    • Cosimo wanted Lorenzo to stay out of politics to keep the bank successful
  • lorenzo was a scholar
  • not quite the business man
  • Florence was always about large powerful families
  • the patzi were a rival banking famly
  • were an old lineage
  • the Pazzi were a rival fam in Florence
  • Lorenzo was not as good as Cosimo when it came to business
    • was not good at being diplomatic
    • the Vadican owed Medici a great deal of money but Lorenzo insisted that some of it came due
    • Pafacy made closer relations with Pazzi with the idea that Pazzi would take out the Medici
    • to make their debts not exist anymore
  • plan to assasinate Lorenzo and his younger brother to stop Medici line
  • april 26 1478-easter day- Florentines came to celebrate in mass
    • plan for assasination
  • younger brother stabbed 19 times
    • juliono 
    • Lorenzo is wounded and he shows himself to the crowd to show that they were still alive
    • medici were back in business
    • very smart choice
  • the plotters lost and the supporters of medici were so upset that they were ready to kill the Pazzi
    • violence and revenge
    • shock waves went through tuscany
    • medici power now hung by a thread
  • pope ordered to wipe out the medici once and for all
  • 'people of florence worried for Lowenzo's survival
  • with charm, money, and good talking Medici held off the rivals and saved Florence
  • commissions DaVinci
    • he had talent that was impossible to ignore
    • tried oils for the first time
    • was about to give up painting before lorenzo commissioned him
  • savrignoila- feel Lorenzo will destory Florence
    • create a conservative conspiracy against Lorenzo
    • from the monks
    • agaisnt pagan art
    • wanted to destroy the lifestyle of pagan art and expression
  • lorenzo dies suddenly from tuberculoses at 34
  • lorenzo commissions and allows michaelangelo buennenarte to live at his hosue
    • had much approval from Lorenzo
    • michaelangleo born in 1475
    • dies in 1564
    • Beuonarroti-came from sort of a merchant class family
    • he had fallen in love with stone carving-used to go to quarries and watch them men chip the rocks
    • began his early developement through this
    • he was in a small studio when Lorenzo found him
  • Michaelangelo is quite invested in Lorenzo's approval
  • he was invited to the dinner table with other great artists
    • this gave Michaelangleo the chance to listen and learn new ways 
  • Increasingly drawn to the drama of the legends heard at home rather than religious prompts to paint
  • decadence of Lorenzo's reign was leading to the downfall of Florence
    • split down the middle between the people who wanted a secular lifestyle and the people who thought that society had gone off track
    • swept up in the excitement , Lorenzo lost his handle on the family business
  • Medici banks starts to fall apart-too much time put into the arts the dance the patronage etc. 
    • he was ignoring christianity 

  • more people asking for favors than favors distributed
  • Lorenzo's friends could see that Florence was going off track
  • Lorenzo gets seriously sick-it was because of his fears for the dynasty
  • he turns to the church
  • giovanni was already a cardinal
  • Lorenzo knew he was dying and now he needed something money could not buy
    • his materials will not resempt from all of his wrong choice
  • calls savenorola to his death bed fofr apology but savernaorolo damns him
  • at 43 lorenzo died fearing hell to his last breath
  • savanarola sees his chance and comes to power
    • he beats prostetutes
    • burns homosexuals
    • no jewelry is allowed to be worn
    • he wanted to create the kingdom of god on earth by any means necessary
    • savanarola organized a public burning 
    • burns all secular materials-all accessories of Lorenzo's vibrant renaissance
    • known as the bonifire of the vanity
    • renaissance going up in smoke
  • lorenzo magnificent era comes to an end

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