Friday, October 8, 2010

Brunelleschi

  • Florence Cathedral was built for a time without a roof
  • it was in need of a dome
  • Brunelleschi was the first one to take on the dome building
  • his style was unorthodox
  • this forced him into many tiffs and losses of allies
  • in the midst he had found patrons willing to gamble on his new ideas
  • in 1419 an orphanage in Florence became a showcase for his drawings
  • this was the first time columns had been used for support since Roman times
  • spark a revolution across Europe
  • Brunelleschi now set his eye on the problem of the dome
  • the greatest challenge in Florence
  • massive cash prize given because church was in great need for dome
  • Brunelleschi's ideas were the most unorthodox and unprecedented but were the most promising
  • had to rewrite the rules of western architecture 
  • turned to Greece and the Pantheon
  • had to determine the nuts and bolts of how it was built
  • his dome would have to support itself during the building
  • giovanni and Cosimo Du Medicci
    • Giovanni bank rolled the Pope and started the Dynasty
    • Cosimo
    • Medicci's became the bank of Europe
  • although rich, Giovanni wanted to stay modest
  • giovanni died in 1629
  • mourned a modest patron
  • deuling of rival families would endager teh Medicii dynasty
  • threaten to pull Flornce back into Middle Ages
  • meanwhile, Brunellesci also tried to escape the limitations of his age
  • when he was building the dome
    • many logisitic issue came up
    • came up with a way to change gears while pulling up loads so that the ox could keep walking in the same direction
  • crucial moment-will he fail?
  • there were no rules
    • bribed
    • killed
    • intimidated 
    • to get what you wanted and needed
  • wanted to wipe out the Medicci
  • People agaisn the Medici
  • Cosimo was at the mercy of his enemies
  • cosimo faces execution because he was found guilty
    • but he had friends and paid him a hefty bribe to get him out
  • cosimo was banished from Florence
    • Brunelleschi was throne into jail
    • the Medici bank ran every thing
  • Cosimo waited for the people to lose control of city without control of banks
    • palace of government was attacked
  • Medici became back in business
    • money fled back to Florence
    • the bank continued again to grow
    • Brunelleschi came back to build the throne
  • bank collected money from every perish 
    • threatened excommunication for those who were slow on paying up
  • the bank was the most profitable business in Europe
  • economic power relates directly to the Medici political power
    • pope rescued to become the leading family in Florence
    • their rivals- Albizzi - in charge of Florence for generations
    • bank offered credit to the nobility
  • In Britain there was fatalism- no social mobility
    • in Italy, in case of Brunelleschi, men are able to be drawn into power from contrasting classes
    • no fatalism

  • art was only made when one was commissioned for it
  • dome was a harring-bone designe
    • horizontal layered over vertical bricks
  • Dome is successful

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