Wednesday, September 29, 2010

Recatholization of England

Elizabeth I was considered to be an ingenious politician
Mary Queen of Scots had haunted and fascinated Elizabeth
Mary was a complete disaster however she reproduced
This is the story of two women- one a politician and the other a mother


  • a cherrished tradition the when Elizabeth heard that she'd be queen she say under the oak tree and read the bible
  • a little short of being a miracle that she made it to that day
  • she was only two when Anne was executed through her failure to produce a son
  • Anne was considered possessed by the devil to be unable to produce a male child
  • Elizabeth was suspicious as Anne's daughter
  • Elizabeth had a relationship with Semour that would be considered great treason
  • she had to prove it false
  • she was just fourteen years old
  • she already had courage and confidence in consuming power

  • When Mary came to the throne, Elizabeth found herself in the tower
  • she was able to talk herself out of execution but she was under strict radar
  • Mary died a few years later, childless
  • Elizabeth, clever and dazzling, had to know that her new power would be dangerous as she was of the wrong sex
  • she came in with high hopes and deap anxieties
  • the celelbrations at her cornoation were designed to show her off and give her potential
  • she had controling energy right from the start
  • her first appearances at the council were fulfilled with manly authority
  • she did all the things that women were nt mean to do
  • she looked men in the eye and spoke out of place
  • her tuder taught her the art of rhetoric 
  • it was her strongest political weapon
  • she adored being adored

  • adoration wasn't the same thing as alliegence however
  • charizma was not the same thing that would cure the future of preotestant England, a male heir
  • most of England was still Catholic
  • it would be difficult to take back what Mary already damaged

  • Robert Daughlty-was flashy, gallant, and good looking
  • he was on the council
  • he helped Elizabeth
  • both fathers were executed
  • they became lovers
  • he had a wife 
  • he was waiting for her to die so that he could be free
  • she paraded her virginity by leaving her hair down
  • it would be invalid to sleep with Daughlty so the politician in her kept her from making the wrong decision
  • Daughtly's wife was murdered- golden age of gossip
  • believed she had been pushed
  • Elizabeth sent Daughtly away until suspicion was off of her
  • she almost gave up on marrying Daughtly 


  • Mary Stewart was beautiful
  • she was more than just competition- to Elizabeth she was a menace
  • Mary was Catholic
  • She is Henry VII's great grandaughter
  • Her grandmother was Henry Tudor's daughter, Margaret Tudor. She married James IV King of Scotland
  • their son is James V and James V's daughter is Mary queen of Scots
  • she was born in 1542
  • Elizabeth was daughter of Henry's ilegal marraige
  • Mary viewed this as being illegitimate
  • Marry was next in line to English throne if ELizabeth died childless
  • The relationship between the cousins was tainted with suspicions
  • Mary had no intention of being told what to do by Elizabeth
  • Elizabeth wanted her to marry a Protestant
  • Mary became a dillusioned drunk
  • she fell in love with the Catholic Italian Prince
  • in 1566 a group proposed a violent coo to get rid of the Italian Catholic 
  • while Mary was dining, the men stabbed him to death in front of her

  • Mary knew how to turn terror into power
  • she was pregnant
  • mother and child would survive
  • her prior husband was a drunk anyways
  • they had a son James VI
  • Elizabeth greatly upset
  • Mary was by now so consumed with contempt to get rid of her husband
  • Bothwell was rich promiscuous and dangerous
  • Mary turned to him as protector
  • he was too happy to solve her prolems
  • Bothwell supervised the lighting of a fuse to burn Mary's husband's house
  • he died from it

  • his murder was a pivotal moment in her life
  • she was sick, vomitting black mucus
  • Boswell was there to help
  • he offered himself to marry her and abduct her to plot to rape her and find himself king of scots
  • she was forced to marry him
  • it was at this point that Mary lost it
  • she lost control over her own body
  • she lost Scotland
  • it would have never happend if she would have been half the politician the Elizabeth was
  • she could have presented herself as a victimized mother instead of a whore
  • he left Mary
  • she was abused- said to be a prostetute

  • he half brother took charge of Mary's baby and took charge of Scotland
  • Mary's history seemed done but of course it was not
  • she had one last weapon- beauty
  • she unleashed her seductive charm on her jailer
  • and he melted in adoration
  • in may 1568, Mary made a get-a-way
  • she had to appeal to her cousin Elizabeth to get the throne back
  • she stayed there for 19 years
  • she cropped her hair for disguise
  • Mary's appearance made turmoil
  • was Mary her heir or not
  • Elizabeth was 35 already
  • Elizabeth still had not gotten married
  • would Mary be treated like the next in line?
  • Mary complained and only got a packet of linen to wear
  • Elizabeth was already wearing Mary's favorite stolen pearls
  • Elizabeth didn't know what to do with Mary- she was disgusted by her


  • Elizabeth ordered for the execution of Mary's husband
  • Mary was now nothing but a prisoner
  • held in derbyshire
  • she was held in the midlands
  • there were many political heavy weights for which mary was 
  • they wanted to marry the queen of scots to the duke of the realm
  • he was a conforming protestant
  • it was reasonable to see the marraige as healing wounds
  • plot failed
  • catholic Britain seems to be reborn
  • Elizabeth knows what she is up against
  • twelve thousand troupes were mustered and rebellion brutally crushed
  • the northern rising destroyed Tudor England

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