Tuesday, September 7, 2010

How did the Magna Carta change the relationship of the Monarch and his subjects?

Succeeding numerous public failures, the rebels, the barons, and Robert Fitzwalter decided that something had to be done to England's political system under the rule of King John. They solved the problem by putting together a list of new laws and was first drafted by Barons of England. This document known as the Magna Carta was, for King John, "a bargaining chip; nothing more" (BBC). It informed England that the power of the law could not be arbitrarily run by King John himself. No one person in the English population stood above the law. These 37 edited, revised, and copied laws limited the power of the King of England and gave way to the formation of the English Parliament. Through this, however, King John's foced signing of the Magna Carta and his duplicity against it lead to the Baron's War, proving the ability for Barons to react freely to the King's intentions. Significantly, the Magna Carta, kept the church free from political interference and taxes from being raised. Each revised law visibly declined the power of the King and put him closer to an equal level with the Barons. King John's failures lead to the rebelion and rise of the Baron's.

Source
"BBC - History - British History in Depth: King John and the Magna Carta." BBC - Homepage. Web. 07                          Sept. 2010. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/middle_ages/magna_01.shtml>.
Image from: infiniteunknown.net

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