Friday, September 24, 2010

Anne Boleyn, Thomas Wolsey, Catherine

ANNE BOLEYN
             Anne Boleyn was the Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 and the second wife to Henry VIII. Anne was a significant figure in the Protestant Reformation because of her association with Henry VIII and her receding execution. Before the marriage, Henry VIII had aspired to have his marriage to Catherine annulled so that he would be open for Anne. Catherine had not been able to produce children and had therefore put Henry into a fix for Anne. When the Pope of Rome refused to annul the marriage, the separation for Henry from the Catholic Church. Henry and Anne married and Anne was able to produce Elizabeth I of England; however, she failed to labor any male heirs. After three miscarriages and no male children, Henry found another women. Then, in May of 1536, Anne and Henry VII were arrested for high treason and sent to the Tower of London. She was found guilty after tried and was beheaded in that year. Overall, Anne was considered the most influence Queen of England who gave the greatest lead to the Protestant reformation.


Primary Source: The Fall of Anne Boleyn from:  http://englishhistory.net/tudor/prianne2.html




 Works Cited
October, By. "Anne Boleyn." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 24 Sept. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Boleyn>.
Image from: Wikipedia.org


Thomas Wolsey

 
Thomas Wolsey was born c. 1473.  He took his degree at Oxford University at age 15. He became Henry VII's chaplain in the last two years of the kings life.  After his accession, Henry VIII appointed him to a minor office but Wolsey wasn't truly involved in government affairs until 1512.  Wolsey advised Henry VIII to go to war with France on behalf of Pope Julius II which was successful.  As reward Henry, Wolsey became his chief minister from 1512 to 1529.  His relationship with Henry earned him enemies.  Wolsey was in Henry's favor until he failed to earn Henry an annulement of his first marriage.  As Anne Boleyn's influence over Henry increased, Wolsey's waned.  She didn't like him because of his involvement in her previous engagement to Henry Percy.  Wolsey eventually had to choose between the Pope and Henry and chose Henry.  By that point, it was too late for Wolsey because he was being indicted for 44 charges by Parliamant.  Henry saved him from prison but stripped him of all his power.  He was later arrested on November 4.  He died while returning to London where Henry planned for Wolsey's execution at the Tower.





Catherine of Aragon
"Catherine was born at the Archbishop's Palace in Alcalá de Henares near Madrid, on the night of 16 December 1485"(Catherine of Aragon). Between Ferdinand the Second of Aragon and Queen Isabella the First of Castile, Catherine was the youngest surviving child. Catherine was named after her great-grandmother Catherine of Lancaster. She was a highly educated woman who studied religion, the classics, Latin histories, canon and civil law, heraldry, and genealogy. Since she was inherited from her mother Queen Isabella the First of Castile, she had a strong power to the English throne. Catherine of Aragon was sent to England to marry Arthur who was Henry's elder brother. She became a widow less than six months after she got married. After several months, then she married Henry. Henry the Eighth was 5 years younger than she was at the moment when they married. After having several pregnancies only surviving kid was the Princess Mary. Their marriage was annuled in 1533. After the annulment she was forced to renounce her throne. She died at the age of 50. The daughter was not allowed to attend her funeral by Henry. Catherine of Aragon was the Queen of England 1509 to 1533 with the King, Henry the Eighth.

Primary Source: 
Catherine of Aragon from http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6943310

Works Cited
"Catherine of Aragon." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. 22 Sept. 2010. Web. 24 Sept. 2010. 

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